iXBT Labs - Computer Hardware in Detail






MSI P4N Diamond – a Motherboard Based on NVIDIA nForce4 SLI (Intel Edition)

At the end of 2004 NVIDIA and Intel signed an agreement on cross licensing, which made it possible for nForce chipsets to support Intel Pentium 4 processors. nForce 4 SLI Intel Edition has become the first such core logic. And MSI P4N Diamond has become the first such production-line motherboard on the new chipset that we tested.

It goes without saying that the key feature of nForce4 SLI (IE) motherboards is the SLI technology, which has been used for quite a long time in top models of motherboards for AMD Athlon processors 64/FX. Note that MSI P4N Diamond supports software (in BIOS) switching between a single-card mode and SLI. Most competing solutions allow only manual switching with the help of a special board. However, this functionality does not free additional space on the PCB (it's rather on the contrary) — the gap between PCIEx16 slots is occupied by the switching unit.

Another feature of the new motherboard (not as evident as the two PCIEx16 slots :)) is a sterling audio controller from Creative (CA0106-DAT chip). That's right! This controller is used in Creative Sound Blaster Live! 24-bit and Creative Audigy LS, it offers hardware support for 7.1 audio, 24 bit/96 kHz, EAX 3.0, Surround Sound and Dolby Digital EX. Moreover, the board uses the same top ADC and DAC (ADC — Wolfson WM8775, DAC — Cirrus Logic CS4382) as in Sound Blaster Live! 24-bit. That is, this motherboard is actually equipped with an excellent sound card (accurate to the number of ins and outs)!

The interesting software SLI switching technology and the on-board sterling Creative Sound Blaster Live! 24-bit obviously deserve the original design award:

I would also like to mention such functions as an external hard drive connection (e-)SATA, two gigabit controllers and Dual Net Card to implement two radio interfaces: Bluetooth WiFi-g (802.11g). No wonder that such suffix as Platinum (or, perish the thought, shabby Gold) is not enough for this motherboard: MSI calls this motherboard a diamond model. Taking into account the initial estimated price of about 250—300 USD (probably only for the basic bundle!), this hint does not go unnoticed.

The only unusual thing about the PCB layout is the two graphics slots and an empty space between them. On-board elements certainly have to squash up due to the rich functions of the motherboard: connectors for additional USB and FireWire port are located at the bottom edge (it's hard to access these ports when a motherboard is installed into a chassis) you will have to manage memory modules through a jungle of cables; cables to the additional power connectors hang over a CPU cooler. Probably the only serious drawback is the location of the north bridge with a high cooler: even the heatsink of a standard (boxed) Pentium 4 cooler almost abuts on it, so you probably won't manage to install a wider heatsink on it. Heatsinks on both chipset bridges are almost scalding to a touch when operating, so active cooling of the north bridge and the copper disc in the heatsink base on the south bridge do not look excessive at all. But the contact between these two heatsinks and the chip surface is horrible: a thin layer of thermal paste on the north bridge, but the heatsink is loose, the cooler is slack; and the second heatsink is glued to the surface by a thick layer of thermal glue.

The 4-phase switching voltage regulator of the processor incorporates four 3000 uF capacitors and eleven 1000 uF ones. The board also contains a voltage regulator for memory (twelve 1000 uF capacitors). The main regulator uses electrolytic capacitors from Sanyo and Rubycon (an excellent choice!). In this model MSI broke its good habit to cool field-effect transistors in the CPU power circuit with small heatsinks (probably due to the increased number of transistors per channel: 4 instead of usual 2—3). The board uses a convenient button instead of the standard jumper to clear CMOS. Access to it is not hampered even when the board is installed into a chassis. But a short description of its functionality is provided on a PCB. The board provides an empty seat for AC'97 codec Realtek ALC850: the documentation runs that it replaces the on-board Sound Blaster Live! 24-bit in some motherboard modifications (in this case the sound is processed by the CPU). It's a considerable deterioration of board's properties (though the support for 7.1 audio with software improvements on the driver-level is retained). Unfortunately, we cannot tell for sure what modifications exactly have a replaced audio controller, because MSI P4N Diamond remains the only motherboard on NVIDIA nForce4 SLI IE from this company (at the time of this review). But still, the PCB layout is probably unified for future cheaper models on the same chipset. Motherboard dimensions — 305x245 mm (full-sized ATX, nine-screw mount, all motherboard edges are firmly fixed).

System monitoring (Winbond W83627HF):

  • CPU voltage, +3.3V, +5V, +12V and +5 V Standby
  • Rpm of 2 fans (CPU and northbridge cooler)
  • CPU and board temperatures (by the corresponding embedded sensors)

Onboard ports, sockets, and connectors:

  • Processor socket (Socket LGA775 for Intel Celeron D, Pentium 4, Pentium 4 Extreme Edition, Pentium D, Pentium Extreme Edition)
  • 4 x DDR2 SDRAM DIMM (DDR2-400/533/667 modules from 256MB up to 4GB each)
  • PCIEx16 (it can operate in x16/x8 mode)
  • PCIEx16 slot (it can operate in x1/x8 mode)
  • PCIEx1 slot
  • 2 x PCI (the orange slot is recommended for the bundled Dual Net Card — its wiring is obviously optimized to reduce electromagnetic interference; besides, it supports 2 Bus Master signals, required by the mentioned card)
  • Power connectors: standard ATX 2.2 (24 pins, you can also plug a standard 20-pin connector, but you'd better not use such powerful components as top PCIE video cards), 4-pin ATX12V to power up the processor, 4-pin (like those for hard drives) power connector for powerful video cards (it's mandatory in case of SLI)
  • 1 x FDD
  • 2 x IDE (Parallel ATA) for 4 ATA133 devices — they are based on the chipset, connected drives can form RAID 0, 1, 0+1, or 5 with "chipset" SATA disks
  • 6 x SATA-II (Serial ATA II) for six SATA300 devices — 4 of them are in the chipset; connected drives can form RAID 0, 1, 0+1, or 5 with "chipset" PATA disks, the other two are based on an additional controller, connected disks can form RAID 0 and 1
  • 3 connectors for brackets with 6 additional USB (2.0) ports
  • 2 connectors for brackets with 2 additional FireWire ports
  • 1 x standard IrDA connector
  • D-Bracket 2 connector
  • 1 x CD/DVD audio connector
  • Connectors for analog audio ins and outs on the front panel
  • 4 fan headers (two of them allow rpm control, they are used for the coolers on the CPU and the north bridge; the header for the CPU cooler supports automatic rpm control depending on CPU temperature — Smart Fan).

The official MSI web site claims that the motherboard supports dual-core Pentium D and Pentium Extreme Edition processors. Meanwhile the supported CPU list for this model does not contain stability test results for such processors so far. The sample in our lab has worked perfectly well with the top Pentium Extreme Edition 840 processor at maximum load for several hours. But if you plan on purchasing a dual core processor, you'd better wait for the official certification from the manufacturer.

Back panel (left to right, blockwise)

Click the image to open the rear view of this motherboard
  • PS/2 mouse and keyboard
  • LPT, COM port, FireWire connector and Coaxial S/PDIF-Out
  • 2 x USB and 1 x RJ-45 (10/100/1000 Mbit/s Gigabit Ethernet)
  • 2 x USB and 1 x RJ-45 (10/100/1000 Mbit/s Gigabit Ethernet)
  • 5 x Analog Audio (Mic-In, Line-In, Front, Center/Sub, Rear) and S/PDIF-OUT TosLink.

Package Contents

  • Package: a nicely designed standard box with a flip cover listing motherboard's features
  • Documentation: User's manual in English
  • Cables: 2 x SATA (with a power converter for 2 devices), 1 x "round" ATA66 and 1 x "round" FDD cable
  • A rear panel bracket with one non-powered SATA port, that is intended for e-SATA devices with their own power supply (if you want to plug a regular internal SATA hard drive as an external unit, you will have to solve this problem on your own)
  • Dual Net Card (it must be installed into a PCI slot that can control two Bus Master signals) to organize two radio interfaces (WiFi-g (802.11b/g) with a software access point and Bluetooth (Class 2)), as well as an external antenna on a vertical stand
  • D-Bracket 2 for a rear panel with two USB ports and a set of LED indicators that inform a user on startup problems
  • Rear panel bracket with 1 x FireWire and 1 x mini-FireWire (4-pin, without power)
  • SLI bridge
  • Rear I/O shield
  • Floppy with SATA RAID drivers
  • CD with drivers and utilities.

Note that Dual Net Card is not included into all bundles, so you should obtain more specific information on the bundle you buy. On the whole the bundle is good, it contains everything necessary to assemble the system. The full bundle (with Dual Net Card) of this MSI product has won the Excellent Package award:

Integrated Controllers

  • Audio, based on the Creative CA0106-DAT controller (sterling Sound Blaster Live! 24-bit, incorporating the same ADC and DAC chips), supporting 7.1 channel audio, with front line-in/out and S/PDIF-Out (Coaxial and Toslink) jacks
  • Additional SATA-II RAID controller, based on the Silicon Image 3132 chip, supporting two Serial ATA II ports (300 Mbit/s) that can form RAID 0 and 1
  • 2 network controllers: Marvell 88E1111-RCJ PHY controller for Gigabit Ethernet MAC controller integrated into the chipset (supporting Active Armor, see the details in the chipset description), and a separate Marvell 88E8053-NNC chip supporting 10/100/1000 Mbit/sec (Gigabit Ethernet)
  • FireWire based on the VIA VT6306 chip supporting 3 ports.

The integrated audio quality was tested in 16bit, 44 kHz using the RightMark Audio Analyzer 5.4 test application and the Terratec DMX 6fire sound card:

Frequency response (from 40 Hz to 15 kHz), dB:
+0.07, -0.16
Very good
Noise level, dB (A):
Very good
Dynamic range, dB (A):
THD, %:
Very good
Intermodulation distortion, %:
Channel crosstalk, dB:
IMD at 10 kHz, %:

General performance: Very good (details). It's only natural to compare the results obtained with those demonstrated by Creative Sound Blaster Live! 24-bit: the integrated audio in this MSI motherboard has a noticeably higher noise level (-90.8 dBA versus -96.9 dBA) and a narrower dynamic range (88.1 dBA versus 93.6 dBA). It's hard to put a finger on the reason, but the distance between the DAC and the analog outputs is larger in case of the integrated solution. Besides, a motherboard contains quite a few interference sources.

Proprietary technologies

  • CoreCell 2 (fine-tune system parameters, slow down fans automatically, extended monitoring features)
  • DOT Express (dynamically overclock CPU and video accelerator)
  • Live Update 3 (update drivers and BIOS automatically via Internet)
  • D-Bracket 2 (a set of LEDs on a bracket that informs a user on startup problems).


Jumpers and switches Clear CMOS button  
In AMI BIOS Memory timings + CAS Latency, RAS to CAS Delay, Row Precharge, Activate to Precharge, Activate to Activate, Address Mode
Memory frequency selection + Auto, 400—900 MHz at 1 MHz steps
Peripheral bus frequency control + PCI-E=100—148 MHz at 1 MHz steps
PCI IRQ manual assignment -  
FSB frequency setup + 400—1400 MHz at 1MHz steps
CPU multiplier + x12, x13
CPU core voltage control + Normal, 0.825—1.550 V at 0.025 V steps
Memory voltage control + 1.8—2.4 V at 0.05V steps
Chipset voltage control + 1.475—1.7 V at 0.025/0.05 V steps
PCI-E bus voltage control -  

We used BIOS 1.0BK, the only available BIOS version at the time of our tests. The mentioned BIOS parameters are available in this version, but the viability of non-standard settings hasn't been tested. There is a boot menu function, which allows to select a device to boot from without modifying BIOS settings.

Preliminary test results

Testbed configurations:

  • CPU: Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition 3.73GHz
  • Memory: 2 x Corsair CM2X512A-5400UL (in DDR2-533 mode, 3-2-2-8-1T)
  • HDD: Seagate Barracuda 7200.7 (SATA), 7200 rpm
  • Video card: ATI Radeon X800 XT, 256 MB DDR
  • OS: Windows XP SP2

As MSI P4N Diamond is the first production-line motherboard on nForce 4 SLI (IE), that we have tested in our lab, we cannot say for sure whether its performance is typical of chipset representatives. When other models appear, we shall compare them. What concerns now, we can publish a short comparison with the fastest, according to our tests, motherboard on a chipset, which has just gone from the top league — Gigabyte 8AENXP-D based on Intel 925XE. Note that the tests were carried out with a single video card, as the SLI performance will be reviewed in detail separately.

Test MSI P4N Diamond Gigabyte 8AENXP-D
Memory read rate, MB/sec 7196 7141
Memory write rate, MB/sec 2864 2447
Archiving with 7-Zip, min:sec 6:36 6:40
MPEG4 (XviD) encoding, min:sec 4:51 4:50
Doom 3 (Medium@800x600x32), fps 113 111
Unreal Tournament 2004 (Medium@800x600x32), fps 53.6 53.0

We shall save up our conclusions for the soon-to-be roundup of modern chipsets for Intel processors with the fastest memory. But now we can note that the new motherboard is a tad faster than motherboards on the ex-top Intel chipset (925XE). We just have to wait a little to see whether motherboards on the latest i945/i955X chipsets will manage to reach higher performance. You may expect the reviews of other motherboards based on nForce4 SLI (IE), where we shall nominate the fastest representative of the chipset.

This model on the manufacturer's web site (Russian mirror)

The motherboard is kindly provided by the manufacturer

Vladimir Senchihin (sench@ixbt.com)
May 19, 2005.

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