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LG GMA-4020B DVD-Multi Drive

June 21, 2003








After a short war between the DVD formats the manufacturers rearranged the forces and started the war anew. The diplomacy won, and the former rivals from DVD+ and DVD- camps got united under the DVD-Dual banner, while the conservative part of followers of the DVD- format and adherents of the DVD-RAM formed a union under the DVD-Multi format.  The rumor had it that the DVD-Multi camp was going to invite the DVD+ format but the DVD-forum stood against that. Unfortunately, good initiatives able to bring benefit for end-users often perish because of such infighting. But let's not mourn over what's lost and look at the results of the DVD-Multi format establishment. The tests will be carried out for the DVD-Multi drive from LG. 




Specification

  • Interface: E-IDE/ATAPI
  • Read speed:
    • CD-ROM/R: 32x Max.
    • CD-RW: 24x Max. 
    • DVD-ROM: 10x Max. 
    • DVD-R/RW: 8x Max. 
    • DVD+R/+RW: 8x Max. 
    • DVD-RAM: 2x, 1x

  • Write speed:
    • CD-RW: 8x, 4x 
    • CD-R: 12x, 8x, 4x 
    • DVD-RW: 1x 
    • DVD-R: 2x, 1x 
    • DVD-RAM: 2x, 1x

  • Formats supported:
    • DVD: DVD-ROM, DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD+R, DVD+RW, DVD-RAM
    • CD: CD-ROM, CD-ROM XA, CD-DA, CD-Extra, CD-Text, CD-R (Orange Book Part 2), and CD-RW (Orange Book Part 3), Supports High Speed Disc Media, Reads Photo CD (Single and Multi-Session), Reads CD-I and Video CD 

  • Access time
    • CD-ROM: 110ms (Typical)
    • DVD-ROM: 130ms (Typical)
    • DVD-RAM: 150ms (Typical)

  • Buffer size: 2MBytes 
  • MTBF 100,000 POH 
  • Dimensions: 146mm x 180mm x 41.3mm
  • Weight: 0.9 kg

The drive came in in the Retail package. Beside the drive the box contains two blank DVD-RW and DVD-RAM, CD with software (drivers for DVD-RAM, software for CD/DVD recording, WinDVD player), installation guide, cables (interface and audio) and bolts. 




The front panel design is standard: the front side houses the Eject button, a headphones connector and a volume level control. The other sides are painted black which makes the drive looking more considerable. The tray supports only DVD-RAM media which can be used without a cartridge. At the moment it can be DVD-RAM Type 2 discs (which can be take out of the cartridge) or DVD-RAM discs produced without it. 




The label on top proves information on the location and time of production and indicates the hardware revision. 




The installation caused no problems. A user is offered a standard procedure, like that for an ordinary CD-ROM drive. As a standard optical storage device the drive needs no special drivers. Yo can do just with the NeroBurning Rom ver 5.5.10.20 which identifies the drive correctly. 




As you can see, the buffer size is a bit smaller than specified, - probably, a part of it is taken by the drive's firmware. 

If you want to use DVD-RAM discs in the removable disc mode, you have to install drivers bundled with the drive. The installation process is entirely automatic, - you must only choose necessary components. 




Now we have the drive as a standard optical drive and as a removable disc. 




And now I'm going to get more information on the drive using some utilities; for example, Nero Infotool which tells what formats and disc types the drive supports




As you can see from the screenshot, it's still impossible to turn the drive from RPC-2 to RPC-1 (according to www.firmware-flash.com). However, you can use the DVD Region free program which provides the regional protection. 

EAC (EAC Configuration Wizard) tells us about Audio CDs.




Well, now when we have preliminary information on the drive let's dive into the tests. 

Test results

DVD recording

First let's record a DVD-RAM disc. As I mentioned above, a user is offered two ways of using the drive. If you do not install the drivers for DVD-RAM, you can use, for example, the Nero Burning Rom. I tried to record a test array I used to DVD-R recording and found out that it was impossible since the disc didn't have enough space. It looks strange because the DVD-RAM size specified coincides with the size of DVD-R media. As it turned out later, the DVD-RAM measured 4369 MB according to Nero while any DVD-R equals to 4489MB. The difference is not great, but it exists. Fortunately, no more unexpected problems popped up. 




Although the disc must be recorded at 2x, the actual speed of burning is 1X. This is a very unpleasant fact to know for users who count on fast recording of DVD-RAM media. 

We supposed that the speed might change with the DVD-RAM drivers. When we installed them, we could use the DVD-RAM drive as a removable disc drive. Then we had to choose in which standard to format the disc. 




The formatting takes 30 sec at most. Different formats allows for different disc sizes, but the gap between them is intangible. 







Unfortunately, we noticed no speed growth, the speed was even lower than when the drive was used without the drivers as a simple optical drive. 

    Test array recording
  • UDF 1.5(2.0) - 1 GB in one file - 15:45 min.
  • FAT 32 - 1 GB in one file - 14:25 min.

The speed 2X promised in the specs was set for reading a DVD-RAM disc.:)

LG GMA-4020B DVD-RAM




  LG GMA-4020B
Average speed  2.03x CAV
Random Seek 152 ms
Full Seek 462 ms
CPU usage (Max Speed) 4 %
SpinUp Time 1.83 sec
SpinDown Time 2.98 sec
Disc Recognition Time 14.34 sec



In case of DVD-R media, the recording process was standard. 




2X for recording DVD-R is too low for today, but on the other hand, it's sufficient for a multi-format drive, especially because 2x discs make the most part of DVD-R media available on the market. The drive works successfully with all trade marks of DVD-R discs. 

DVD-R recording
Drive recording at 1x, min. recording at 2x, min.
LG GMA-4020B 58:41 29:49


DVD-RW recording
Drive fast clearing, min. burning at 1x, min.
LG GMA-4020B 00:23 56:48

All DVD recorded passed the control reading test on two reference DVD-ROM drives Toshiba SD-M1712 and Pioneer DVD-117LJ. The tests on the home DVD player BBK 939 revealed no problems with reading, the movies were played without any artifacts. 

Below are also results of reading of the recorded discs for the Lite-On drive with the KProbe utility. The KProbe utility is a new test program developed for OS Widows which estimates a level of C1/C2 errors on a disc tested. The results may depend on whether the drive favors a given disc, but, still, we can obtain some general data. 

LG GMA-4020B, 2x write speed (Princo)



 
  LG GMA-4020B, 1x write speed (Imation)



Main reading parameters of DVD media

NERO DVD Speed

Test DVD reading

LG GMA-4020B single-layer DVD



  LG GMA-4020B
Average speed  7.56x CAV
Random Seek 112 ms
Full Seek 244 ms
CPU usage (Max Speed) 7 %
SpinUp Time 0.32 sec
SpinDown Time 3.52 sec
Disc Recognition Time 7.80 sec


LG GMA-4020B 2-layer DVD (°tam´obka DVD-Video)



  LG GMA-4020B
Average speed  6.27x CAV
Random Seek 112 ms
Full Seek 284 ms
CPU usage (Max Speed) 6 %
SpinUp Time 0.02 sec
SpinDown Time 3.36 sec
Disc Recognition Time 7.92 sec
Layer Change Time 46 ms

Reading of recordable DVD

DVD+R reading

LG GMA-4020B



DVD+RW reading

LG GMA-4020B



DVD-R reading

LG GMA-4020B



DVD-RW reading

LG GMA-4020B



The drive flawlessly reads all types of recordable DVD media, including multiborder DVD discs. 

DVD Video copying with Smart Ripper

CD-RW drive Average speed
LG GMA-4020B 4.6 X

CD-R and CD-RW recording

CD recording time

Traditionally, we used two types of media - with cyanine and phthalocyanine coating. The number of the trade marks were lift up to 4, 2 of each type, to provide more information of how the drive treats discs of different trade marks. The burning results will be partially represented in the graphical form.

Recording on LG GMA-4020B ( Philips 32x, phthalocyanine)



The screenshot above looks the same for all trade marks of the discs. The write speed was the same for all trade marks and types of the media. We also tested ability of the drive to record cyanine discs at the minimal speed, - this mode is usually used by music lovers to get the highest quality sound. 
 

CD-R disc Burn time
Philips 32x 7:08
Verbatim 48x 7:08
Mirex 48x 7:07
SKC 4x 21:15

To extend the picture, I added the burn results of the Verbatim CD-RW 10x. 

Recording at LG GMA-4020B (Verbatim 10x CD-RW)



Time of CD-RW full formatting in UDF with InCD ver. 3.5.2

CD-RW recording in UDF format, 530 Mb test packet in 3550 files. 

Verbatim DataLifePlus 10x 
 

CD-RW Burn time (min.) Formatting time (min.)
LG GMA-4020B 11:45 16:30

Operation with 80mm CDs tested by the example of a CD-RW disc, formatting and recording in UDF

Formatting and recording of the 80mm CD-RW disc in UDF. 4x write speed. 
 
 

CD-RW drive Formatting time (min.) Burn time (min.)
LG GMA-4020B 8:31 6:04

The drive reads and burns 80mm discs quite well.

BLER factor of the recorded CD-R

The most important part of the tests, and we here used the device described in this article
 

CD-R disc BLER 
Philips 32x 4-23
Verbatim 48x 23-52
Mirex 48x 20-46
SKC 4x 32-65

The error level is not low, but it's not very high either, that is why the record quality can be considered acceptable. 

Reading of the discs recorded for the Lite-On drive with KProbe

Philips disc recorded on the LG GMA-4020B 



Verbatim disc recorded on the LG GMA-4020B 



Mirex disc recorded on the LG GMA-4020B



SKC disc recorded on the LG GMA-4020B 



The level of errors is not that high. Later we will publish the test results obtained with the professional equipment CDCATS SA3, and then we will see who is right in this test. 

Overburn

CD-RW drive 80 min CD-R 90 min CD-R
LG GMA-4020B 81:55.40 94:48.01

Testing main read parameters of CD discs

CDWinBench 99

LG GMA-4020B  
Winmark 1010
Inside transfer 2390 Kb/s
Outside transfer 4610 Kb/s
CPU Utilization  13.1 %
Access Time 106 ms

NERO CD Speed

Test CD reading

LG GMA-4020B




  LG GMA-4020B
Average speed  25.43x CAV
Random Seek 118 ms
Full Seek 173 ms
CPU Usage 8X  9 % 
SpinUp Time 3.07
SpinDown Time 3.41
Disc Recognition Time 9.02 sec
Accurate stream Yes



CD-ROM Drive Analyzer

CD-R reading

LG GMA-4020B



CD-RW reading
LG GMA-4020B



Low-quality CD reading.
LG GMA-4020B



CD audio track extraction (CDDAE 99, EAC)

CDDAE LG GMA-4020B
  Licensed disc  Pirated disc
Average extraction speed 12.1x 11.8x
Total errors 0.00% 0.00%


EAC (highest quality mode) LG GMA-4020B
  Licensed disc  Pirated disc
Average extraction speed 5.3x 5.3x
Total errors 0.00% 0.00%



Advanced DAE Quality(Nero CD-Speed)

LG GMA-4020B drive





Note that the drive correctly reads Subchannel Data. In general, the drive copes well with this test and demonstrates a good kit of tools for quality audio track extraction. 

The detailed information on the tested parameters is given in the help file to the Nero CD Speed test program. If you don't want to download the utility, then here you can find the HTMl help file.

DAE Quality (EAC)

This test was made by the developer of the EAC, and it's called DAE Quality (here you can find its description). In short, it measures quality of audio data extraction and quality of C2 error processing with a special test disc. 

LG GMA-4020B drive



    LG GMA-4020B
  • Total Test Result : 72.5 points (of 100.0 maximum)
  • C2 Accuracy : 74.9 %

Direct copying of information from 780 MB CD-R to HDD

The drive successfully copied contents of the 780MB disc without any errors. The copy time was

  • LG GMA-4020B - 10 min. 04 sec.

Physical characteristics of the drive

Noise

CD-RW drive Tray CD-Seek CD general DVD-Seek DVD general
LG GMA-4020B 6/10 5/10 7/10 5/10 8/10

The Seek operation is followed by terribly loud sounds, this is probably the noisiest mechanism that controls optical system mechanical processes. In all other respects, the noise level is acceptable. 

Thermal conditions

CD-RW drive T inside the case, °C T of the upper surface, °C T of the lower surface, °C
LG GMA-4020B 36  48  49 

The drive doesn't generate much heat when working over a long period. But I don't recommend to place any devices close to it to avoid their overheating.

Vibration in case of badly balanced CDs

The drive worked decently with such discs. Although it vibrated and made noise at a larger speed, it managed to finish reading the disc. 

Conclusion

So, first of all it is the weak points that catch the eye; a very low speed of operation with DVD-RAM, and just rudiment tools for CD recording. But they are offset by support of reading of all optical disc types and support of burning of several media types. That is why I think the drive will find its place on the market. As for us, we will keep on following the development of this market sector. 
 
 
  


Roman Shelepov aka SRL (srl@ixbt.com)

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