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IBM Ultrastar 36Z15 Hard Drive Review

August 1, 2002





We haven't reviewed SCSI drives since November last year. Moreover, it is being discussed now whether such reviews are topical at all. That is why if you have pros or cons such reviews of SCSI drives or comments on how they should look like, please, send them here. In my opinion, people buying SCSI drives are well aware of what tasks they are going to be used for, that is why such reviews should contain less analeptics and more facts because competent users are able to draw conclusions themselves. But all your suggestions are welcome. Well, this review is supplemented with "unfiltered" Intel IOMeter results. It is possible that some people are interested not in average but in the maximum response time etc. 

So, we have tested a 18GB Ultra160 SCSI drive from the IBM Ultrastar 36Z15 line - IC35L018UWPR15. The platters are glass substrate; the DFT (Drive Fitness Test) is supported, as well as the load/unload ramp technology).

load/unload ramp
The principle of operation of this device can be understood from the picture taken from the company's site (www.ibm.com). For more information on technologies used in drives of this line can be found here. The drive looks attractive :) 
 

The drive will be compared with 15,000 models reviewed last time  - a model from the Seagate Cheetah X15 36LP line: ST336752LW and one from the Fujitsu MAM3xxx line: MAM3367MC. Below is a table of the specified characteristics of these lines.
 

  Fujitsu MAM3xxx Seagate Cheetah X15 36LP IBM Ultrastar 36Z15
Capacities (GB) 18.4
36.7
18.4
36.7
18.4
36.7
Heads 4/8 4/8 4/8
GB/Head 4.6 4.6 4.6
RPM 15000 15000 15000
Seek Time Average (ms) 3.5 3.6 3.4/4.2
Average Latency (ms) 2.00 2.00 2.00
Internal Data Rate (Mbits/sec) 320-710 522-709 453-647
Sustained Throughput (MB/sec) - 51-69 36.6-52.8
Buffer Size (MB) 8 8 4
Interface Ultra160 Ultra160/Ultra320 Ultra160/Ultra320
Height (inches) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Sound Power (Bels, Idle) 3.6/3.9 3.5 3.8/4
Typical Power Draw (W, Idle) 9.5/11.5 10.5/11.5 11/13.5

The IBM's model doesn't look impressive as compared with the contestants - it yields to them in almost all parameters except the seek time of the 18GB model. But, as you know, each manufacturer has its own technique of measuring parameters, that is why let's turn to the tests. 

Tests

Testbed: Test software: For the Winbench the drive had one partition of FAT32 and NTFS. For other programs all information on partitions was deleted. The Winbench and HDTach tests were fulfilled three times and the results were averaged. Time of operation of one template for each load in the IOMeter was set to 10 minutes. 

Access time

All three tests were used to measure the access time. In the IOMeter test we took the Average Response Time for the 100% random read template at Queue Depth equal to 1. 

disk access time

On the whole, the results coincide with the specs - the IBM is ahead. The ZD WinBench 99 test gives results closest to the specs. 

Transfer rate

The HDTach provides average results of read/write speeds.

average transfer speed

Nothing unexpected so far - the IBM falls behind its competitors. Let's take a look at the linear read speeds at the beginning and end of the disc obtained with the ZD WinBench. 

disk transfer rate

Well, it was possible not to use these tests  - it was enough to look at data in the table. We got nothing new. But, still, let me show you a diagram of the linear reading of the tested disc.

transfer graph
IBM IC35L018UWPR15

Well, it's time to turn to more informative tests. 

Ziff-Davis WinMarks

high-end winmarks
business winmarks

With the FAT32 the Ultrastar 36Z15 catches up with the Fujitsu MAM3xxx, and with the NTFS it beats the latter. 

Now the synthetic tests: 

Intel IOMeter

server pattern
workstation pattern
database pattern

These results are very similar. In case of the maximum loads the Ultrastar loses (especially when the Server and Database templates are used). The complete results for the Server, Workstation, Database, Streaming Read/Write, Random Read/Write templates are attached (csv file, Zip archived - 7.818 bytes). 

Temperature

Unfortunately, we can't compare correctly the obtained results with the previous ones for this parameter because today even an air-conditioner doesn't help... With the same temperature measurement technique we got 48 degrees C. 

Acoustic characteristics

I didn't work much with SCSI drives before, that is why I have nothing to compare with. But it is still much louder than IDE drives :) 

Conclusion

The performance of the IBM Ultrastar 36Z15 hasn't increased much, but it was clear from the specification. Nevertheless, fans of IBM can now get a 15K rpm model. I think this was the aim - to extend the range of their models at the expense of the elite class. And performance percentage is for you to think of :) 
 
Nikolai Dorofeev (niko@ixbt.com

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